Facing global warming and recent bans on the use of diesel in vehicles, there is a growing need to develop vehicles powered by renewable energy sources to mitigate greenhouse gas and pollutant emissions.

Text version from the Hydrogen and Fuel Cell Technologies Office webinar "H2IQ Hour: GREET Model for Hydrogen Life Cycle Emissions" held on June 15, 2022. The current paper reviews various life cycle analysis studies on fuel cell technology. Regional electricity energy sources affect the life-cycle emissions of fuel cell trucks. Hydrogen Storage Models.

HYDROGEN LIFE CYCLE GHG EMISSIONS Amgad Elgowainy, PhD Senior Scientist and Group Leader. LCA of a fuel is known as fuel-cycle analysis or WTW analysis (if the fuel is used for transportation applications), while LCA of vehicle manufacturing is known Life-cycle analysis (LCA) of energy devices should focus on that technologys total impact. They are also the more popular stack technologies by offering A life cycle assessment of hydrogen and gasoline vehicles, including fuel production and utilization in vehicles powered by fuel cells and internal combustion engines, is conducted to evaluate and compare their efficiencies and environmental impacts. )Oil (including gasoline and diesel fuel) is the worlds primary fuel source for Fuel-Cycle Analysis of Hydrogen-Powered Fuel-Cell Systems with the GREET Model Michael Wang Argonne National Laboratory June 10, 2008 Conduct life-cycle analysis of H2-powered FC systems Provide WTW results for OFCHIT efforts Based on the analysis and research achievements of domestic and foreign scholars regarding the vehicle life cycle assessment, in combination with the research data of relevant enterprises, the research has objectively assessed well to wheel energy efficiency of hydrogen fuel cell vehicle, and performed comparative analysis with conventional gasoline vehicle, In the current study, two major hydrogen production Electricity consumption is influential for H 2 compression and liquefaction. H 2 fuel still comes with emissions, albeit not directly. Hydrogen and Fuel Cell Technologies Office. The To address these gaps, this study uses the life-cycle assessment (LCA) process of GREET (greenhouse gases, regulated emissions, and energy use in transportation) to compare the PCF of an EV (Tesla Model 3) and a hydrogen fuel cell car (Toyota MIRAI). Zero-emission vehicles initiative has also brought the importance of investigating the emission throughout the fuel cycle of hydrogen fuel cell and its environmental impact. May 14, 2012 . (But more about that below, in the life-cycle assessment. Polymer electrolyte membrane (PEM) electrolysis and PEM fuel cell technology are these technologies, which have been the current commercial scale. Energy 31 33752. The method of life cycle costing and economic data are considered to estimate the cost of hydrogen for centralised and decentralised production processes. H2 (Hydrogen) here plays a significant role because its production is very energy-intensive; hence, future Fuel Cell mobility is only beneficial if H2 supply is ensured by renewables. The GREET model characterizes life cycle As such, it is important to quantify the greenhouse emissions (GHGs) comparison to Ballard-powered fuel cell vehicles. March 7, 2014. The influence of the energy mix and technology of production of hydrogen on spent energy and air pollution is analyzed. Life Cycle Assessments (LCAs) have been carried out for various techniques of hydrogen production and fuel cell stacks [9,10]. LCA GHG emissions of petroleum fuels are dominated by end-use release of CO2; refinery emissions is a distant second Fuel gas Hydrogen Steam Methane Reforming (SMR) Natural gas Hydrogen Utilities H2 pool to hydrotreaters and hydrocracker carries weighted-average burden Sourcing H 2 from NG produces approximately 830 million tons of CO 2 every year, which is equivalent to the emissions of the United Kingdom and Indonesia combined. The H2A central and distributed hydrogen production technology case studies, blank model cases, and documentation are available for free. NREL develops and maintains these models with support from the U.S. Department of Energy Hydrogen and Fuel Cell Technologies Office. To date, most studies on vehicle carbon Life Cycle Assessment Methodology The U.S. Department of Energy's (DOE's) Hydrogen and Fuel Cell Technologies Office, along with other DOE offices, has been co-funding the development of and updates to Argonne National Laboratory's Greenhouse gases, Regulated Emissions, and Energy use in Technologies (GREET) model since 1995. The feasibility of Hydrogen fuel is also analyzed. Life Cycle Assessment of Hydrogen Production via Natural Gas Steam Reforming. For urban and local operation, life-cycle benefits of fuel cell electric trucks are significant. Life-Cycle Analysis Refinery LP Modeling . 2021 DOE Hydrogen and Fuel Cells Program Annual Merit Review . View the recording or download the presentation slides from the Hydrogen and Fuel Cell Technologies Office webinar "October H2IQ Hour: Learn to use the GREET Model for Emissions Life Cycle Analysis" held on October 28, 2021. Also, the life cycle assessment focuses the environmental aspects of the production processes. Life Cycle Assessment of Hydrogen and Fuel Cell Technologies Inventory of Work performed by Projects funded under FCH JU 27 5 Conclusions and recommendations The FCH JU has supported research on the environmental sustainability of fuel cell and hydrogen technologies. On the basis of on-road energy consumption, fuel economy (FE) of hydrogen fuel cell light-duty vehicles is projected to be 2.52.7 times the fuel economy of the conventional gasoline internal combustion engine vehicles (ICEV) on the same platforms.

The stages included in life-cycle analysis (LCA) are raw material acquisition, transportation and processing, as well as product manufacturing, distribution, use and disposal or recycling. throughout the fuel cycle of hydrogen fuel cell and its environmental impact. The endpoint analysis showed that the hydrogen powered fuel cell battery ship has a lower impact in terms of damage to the human health, damage to the ecosystem and damage to resource availability compared to the diesel electric and diesel battery electric alternatives, even when the impact for some of the midpoint categories are higher. Life Cycle Assessment of Hydrogen and Fuel Cell Technologies. This work presents a review of life-cycle assessment (LCA) studies of hydrogen electrolysis using power from photovoltaic (PV) systems. Life-Cycle Analysis of Greenhouse Gas Emissions from Hydrogen Delivery: A Cost-Guided Analysis, The report provides an overview of the progress achieved so far and a comprehensive analysis on Life Cycle Assessment (LCA) for various hydrogen technologies and processes. For a hydrogen fuel cell vehicle, the increase in embedded GHG emissions results from the onboard hydrogen storage system, which is usually a 350 bar or 700 bar compressed gas tank, wrapped in carbon fibre. This analysis highlights that we need to think about vehicles holistically, considering the whole life cycle, not just vehicle use. Text version.

[27] Granovskii M, Dincer I and Rosen M A 2006 Life cycle assessment of hydrogen fuel cell and gasoline vehicles Int. GHG's and other emissions are also accounted for each process later Hydrogen produced by Water splitting method and high temperature electrolysis was found to be better than other conventional methods. Life Cycle Emissions Analysis. A life cycle assessment of hydrogen production via natural gas steam reforming was performed to examine the net emissions of greenhouse gases as well as other major environmental consequences. Kaining Ding. DELIVERY TECHNOLOGIES ANALYSIS .

Amgad Elgowainy (PI), Krishna Reddi, Ed Frank Argonne National Laboratory . Arlington, VA . Fuel use: It is during the vehicle use. It includes energy consumption (burning) of fuel. Figure 3. Boundaries concept for hydrogen production life cycle inventory. of the project. These phases are pre-operation (R&D, Site Deve- cycling, Decommissioning and Dismantling). Figure 3 provi- des a graphical representation of these boundaries. The impact

Life Cycle Assessment of Hydrogen as a Transportation Fuel in the California Market . At times, this becomes a hyperfocus, even to the point of ending the conversation. H2IQ Hour: Learn to use the GREET Model for Emissions Life Cycle Analysis. Angle Reinders.

H. 2 . The 2013 DOE Fuel Cell Technologies Program Annual Merit Review and Peer Evaluation Meeting . A comparison, concerning fuel consumption and emissions as CO2 equivalent for the whole life cycle, is done for FCEV and conventional gasoline vehicle (GV). Results are provided for three alternative hydrogen production methods, namely electrolysis, thermochemical water splitting, and steam methane reforming of natural gas, and compared against In LCAs of fuel cells, efficiency is typically a focus.

Fuel cell and hydrogen technologies will play an important role the decarbonization of transportation, to address climate change, air quality, and other environmental issues. [ISO 14040] Presentation by Amgad Elgowainy, Argonne National Laboratory, at the Hydrogen and Fuel Cell Technologies Office H2IQ Hour webinar, June 15, 2022.

This work investigates life cycle costing analysis as a tool to estimate the cost of hydrogen to be used as fuel for Hydrogen Fuel Cell vehicles (HFCVs). A comprehensive life cycle assessment of hydrogen fuel cell passenger vehicles (FCVs) is conducted based on relevant conditions for four major Canadian provinces.

The transportation of the produced fuel and the storage of Hydrogen is also discussed in this paper. H 2 fuel cell electric trucks provide life-cycle petroleum use and air emission reductions. Project ID: an034 This presentation does not contain any proprietary, confidential, or otherwise restricted information .

Abstract . Life Cycle Assessment of Hydrogen and Fuel Cell Technologies Inventory of Work performed by Projects funded under FCH JU 3 1 Introduction Life Cycle Assessment (LCA) is the compilation and evaluation of the inputs, outputs and the potential environmental impacts of a product system throughout its entire life cycle. fuels. We will be also discussing the drawbacks of using pure hydrogen in regular I.C engines. Among the various forms of non-fossil energy for vehicles, hydrogen fuel is emerging as a promising way to combat global warming. 27637.pdf. The feasibility of Hydrogen fuel is also analyzed. Hydrogen storage models developed as part of the Hydrogen Storage Engineering Center of Excellence, which addresses the engineering challenges associated with developing lower-pressure, materials-based, hydrogen storage systems for hydrogen fuel cell and internal combustion engine light-duty vehicles. J. Hydrog. Life cycle assessment (LCA) method is used. In order to promote the application of life cycle assessment and provide references for China to make the project of infrastructure for hydrogen sources of fuel cell vehicles in the near future, 10 feasible plans of infrastructure for hydrogen sources of fuel cell vehicles were designed according to the current technologies of producing, storing and transporting hydrogen. H 2 (Hydrogen) here plays a significant role because its production is very energy-intensive; hence, future Fuel Cell mobility is only beneficial if H 2 supply is ensured by renewables. Also, the life cycle assessment focuses the environmental aspects of the production processes.